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Statement – Courses of Action

Direction for [ Question No: 1 To 10 ] :

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

1.

Statement: The Company X has rejected first lot of values supplied by Company A and has cancelled its entire huge order quoting use of inferior quality material and poor craftsmanship.

Courses of Action:

1. The Company A needs to investigate functioning of its purchase, production and quality control departments.

2. The Company A should inspect all the valves rejected by Company X.

3. The Company A should inform Company X that steps have been taken for improvement and renegotiate schedule of supply.

Answer: A

First of all, company A should inspect the rejected valves to ensure if they are really sub-standard. If yes, it should scrutinise its working thoroughly and remove its lackenings, be it in the quality of raw material or craftsmanship. So, both I and II follow. III seems to be a far-off action which can be implemented only after the first two steps are put into practice. Thus, III does not follow,

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2.

Statement: It is estimated that about twenty lakh people will visit the city during the ensuing festival.

Courses of Action:

1. The civic authority should monitor the crowd and restrict entry of the people beyond a manageable number.

2. The local police authority should be put on high alert to maintain law and order during the festival.

3. All the hospitals in the city should be put on high alert in case of any eventuality.

Answer: B

Clearly, people cannot be deprived of enjoying the festival for lack of arrangements. Also, it becomes necessary to deploy police to regulate big crowds and avert any mishap in public gatherings. Further, it costs nothing but might prove useful to put hospitals on alert to be ready to provide quick medical aid to patients in case of any eventuality. So, both II and III follow.

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3.

Statement: In the city, over 75 percent of the people are living in slums and sub-standard houses which is a reflection on the housing and urban development policies of the Government.

Courses of Action:

I. There should be a separate department looking after housing and urban development.

II. The policies in regard to urban housing should be reviewed.

III. The policies regarding rural housing should also be reviewed so that such problems could be avoided in rural areas.

Answer: B

The statement talks of housing conditions in urban areas only. So, III does not follow. Also, to improve the deteriorating housing conditions, the urban housing policies need to be studied and the lackenings removed by a team of efficient personnel deployed for the same. So, both I and II follow.

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4.

Statement: The meteorological department has reported that a severe storm is likely to hit the city during the next forty-eight hours.

Courses of Action:

1. The administration should advise all the business and educational establishments to close down for two days.

2. The administration should not make the information public as it could create panic among the residents of the city.

3. The administration should activate its disaster management program to tackle any possible emergency situation.

Answer: D

The administration should strive to prevent the residents of the city from the ensuing danger. This can be done by persuading residents to stay indoors and putting emergency relief operation mechanism to work. Thus, both I and III follow. Further, the storm is likely to play havoc with the lives of general public if it comes as a surprise to them. So, II does not follow.

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5.

Statement: The day time temperatures in this summer have been four to five degree Celsius above the normal temperature across the country.

Courses of Action:

1. All the district headquarters should be alerted to send prompt reports of death due to heat waves in their jurisdiction.

2. The Government machinery should be put on high alert and provided with necessary equipments to prevent any untoward incident.

3. The Government should make necessary arrangements to provide drinking water in all the areas affected due to extreme heat waves.

Answer: E

The situation demands extending as much help and relief as possible, to the common people, thus making it easy for them to cope up with extreme hot weather. So, only II and III follow.

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6.

Statement: The Management of School M has decided to give free breakfast from next academic year to all the students in its primary section through its canteen even though they will not get any government grant.

Courses of Action:

1. The school will have to admit many poor students who will seek admission for the next academic year.

2. The canteen facilities and utensils have to be checked and new purchases to be made to equip it properly.

3. Funds will have to be raised to support the scheme for years to come.

Answer: C

Since the school has introduced the scheme without receiving any grant, it needs to pool up the funds and make adequate arrangements to keep the scheme going. So, only II and III follow.

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7.

Statement: Drinking water supply to New Bombay has been suspended till further orders from Maharashtra Pollution Control Board following pollution of Patalganga river, caused by discharge of effluents from some chemical industries.

Courses of Action:

1. The industries responsible for discharging effluents into the river should be asked to close down immediately.

2. The river water should immediately be treated chemically before resuming supply.

3. The Pollution Control Board should check the nature of effluents being discharged into the river by industries at regular intervals.

Answer: B

The situation demands checking the nature of effluents being discharged into the river and treating the water accordingly to make it fit for drinking. So, both II and III follow. Further, the industries discharging effluents into the river should be warned not to do so and asked to install proper waste treatment and disposal systems, rather than be closed down. Thus, I does not follow.

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8.

Statement: A mass mortality of shrimps in ponds on entire Andhra coast has recently been reported due to the presence of a virus.

Courses of Action:

1. The water of the ponds affected should immediately be treated for identifying the nature of the virus.

2. The catching of shrimps from the ponds should temporarily be stopped.

3. The fishermen should be asked to watch for the onset of such phenomenon in nature.

Answer: A

The urgent need is to identify the causative virus and then treat the pond water accordingly to eliminate them. So, only I follows.

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9.

Statement: In one of the worst accidents in railway level crossing, fifty people died when a bus carrying them collided on to a running train.

Courses of Action:

1. The train driver should immediately be suspended.

2. The driver of the bus should be tried in court for negligence on his part.

3. The railway authority should be asked to man all its level crossings.

Answer: C

The problem discussed in the statement is not regarding the current accident, but to do something to avert such mishaps. Accidents at railway crossings can be averted by deploying men to regulate traffic and installing barriers to check traffic movement when a train passes by. So, only III follows.

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10.

Statement: There has been an unprecedented increase in use of malpractices by the students during various examinations held in the country this year.

Courses of Action:

1. All the concerned authorities conducting these examinations should immediately take effective measures to curb this menace.

2. All those students who are detected to have used unfair means should be debarred from appearing in any of these examinations for the next three years.

3. Using unfair means should immediately be made cognizable offence by passing necessary legislations.

Answer: B

Use of malpractices does away with the basic essence of examinations and hence it ought to be checked. So, I follows. Also, the fear of harsh punishments would prevent students from using unfair means. So, II also follows. But declaring it a crime may spoil the career of students who are caught using unfair means. So, III does not follow.

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