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Assertion and Reason

Direction for [ Question No: 1 To 10 ] :

Choose the correct alternative from the following.

1.

Assertion:

The problem solving ability, mental performance and memory of the employees of company C are deteriorating.

RI. Due to tight schedule at company C, the employees of the company are skipping their breakfast regularly.

RII. The job is physical in nature, but not mental.

Answer: D

Here in the assertion, we are only talking about the weakness of the employees. RI is giving the reason for skipping breakfast, so it is not the reason. RII is also not a valid reason, as lack of mental exercise may not lead to deterioration.

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2.

Assertion:

The newly constructed bridge collapsed and caused death of many people.

RI. The design of the bridge was not proper.

RII. The bridge was constructed on black cotton soil.

Answer: A

Here the assertion is about the collapse of the newly constructed bridge, which is possible because of faulty construction or because of improper design. Hence, I can be reason.

RII talks about type of soil, which is out of context.

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3.

Assertion:

Today's youth in India like western music more than Indian classical music.

RI. Western music has strong base than Indian classical music.

RII. Indian classical music is very boring and they like rocking music more.

Answer: D

Hence the given assertion is about the preference of today's youth.

RI is talking about the strong base of western music. Having strong base does not imply that it is good to listen.

RII tells that youth like rocking music but there is no evidence that western music is rocking.\Neither RI nor RII is a reason.

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4.

Assertion:

J.K. Rowlling's books are selling like hot cakes. 

RI. People love the subject of the book written by Rowlling and the style of her writing.

RII. Rowlling uses very simple language so that every one understand that.

Answer: A

The interesting topic and the art of writing is a proper reason for the popularity of an author. Hence RI is a reason. RII is not the reason, because if the subject is not good, language does not help.

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5.

Assertion:

Mr. P got Nobel Prize for Peace last year.

RI. Throughout his life, Mr. P worked for the welfare of the poor and upliftment of down-trodden without any selfish motives.

RII. Mr. P wrote many books on peace.

Answer: A

In the given assertion it is given that Mr. P, got Nobel Prize for Peace last year which can be for his work among the poor. Hence RI can be a reason while RII is not a valid reason.

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6.

Assertion:

Insatiably curious children usually grow up to be genius.

RI. They ask so many questions that they learn about most of the things much earlier than an average child.

RII. Only a genius mind is full of curiosity.

Answer: A

RI can be a valid reason because it explains the process by which a child becomes a genius. RII is invalid because we cannot say that "Only a genius mind is curious".

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7.

Assertion:

If a cat crosses one's path, it is a bad omen.

RI. It is believed that cat brings bad luck.

RII. Many people had accidents after a cat crossed their path.

Answer: B

RI is not valid, as it talks about the cat itself and the assertion is about a cat crossing someone's path. RII can be a valid reason. As the assertion in more of a superstition, which in all probability is based on some collection of bad events in the same regard, hence only II is the reason.

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8.

Assertion:

Most of the people in metropolitan cities lead an extremely busy life.

RI. They are interested in earning lots of money at the earliest.

RII. Having more than one source of income is keeping these people busy.

Answer: D

RI suggests the mad rush among people to earn more money in less time, owing to which they are busy.

RII suggests that because of the availability of many sources of income, people become busy encashing them. Hence, both I and II are valid reasons.

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9.

Assertion:

In the Indian film festival, many awards have been given to Hindi movies.

RI. Judges of film festivals know the Hindi language better than any other regional language.

RII. Hindi is a national language.

Answer: D

The only reason behind getting an award can be outstanding performance. Hence, RI and RII are not valid reasons behind Hindi films getting many awards.

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10.

Assertion:

Students are showing great  interest in taking their degrees from U.K. Universities with regard to management studies.

RI. U.K. Universities have proved to be the best in grooming students for a career in management.

RII. Other countries cannot provide the facilities for management courses as U.K. Universities provide.

Answer: D

A student may prefer a university considering the structure of academics of the facilities offered. Hence, both RI and RII are valid reasons.

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